US braces itself for congestion pain

Mary Scott Nabers, author of Inside the Infrastructure Revolution: A Roadmap for Building America, looks at how different US states are embracing the need for public transport investment
UTC / February 6, 2020 3 mins Read
By Mary Scott Nabers
© John Sirlin | Dreamstime.com
Room for growth? The San Diego area is expected to expand by 22% by 2060 © John Sirlin | Dreamstime.com

Transportation congestion is surging. Demand for roadway access exceeds capacity, and something must be done. Time is lost, air quality is compromised, and motorists are frustrated to the point of exhaustion.

Messages delivered by public officials in the past have fallen on deaf ears in many parts of the country. Americans continue to resist all attempts to reduce their reliance on cars. That objective will be pushed even harder in 2020. Motorists who dislike public transit want free roadways. Some taxpayers are not happy about public funding flowing to mass transit projects. But, as population growth continues, transportation leaders will eventually win the battle.

Some cities - New York and others - are turning to congestion pricing. Beginning in 2021, motorists will have to pay to enter those cities. Fees will fluctuate depending on the time of day.

As elected officials monitor this option, other congestion-reducing options will also be considered. In a 2019 Urban Mobility Report by the Texas A&M Transportation Institute, researchers suggest congestion relief options such as new or expanded public transportation facilities and larger bus and rail fleets. Although those options are not popular with most Texans, other states are testing them and Texas leaders appear ready to do the same. Other states are facing similar issues…

Georgia

Efforts to improve public transit in Atlanta took a step forward as the Atlanta-Region Transit Link Authority released a tentative list of 76 projects in a transit plan. Projects include linking the Clifton Corridor and the Beltline in Atlanta, a MARTA extension to Norcross, and a commuter rail project in Clayton County. The plan also includes increasing bus rapid transit services along various routes and other improvements across a 12-county area.

California

Over the next four decades, the San Diego area is expected to grow an additional 22%. The San Diego Metropolitan Transit System, through its Elevate SD 2020 campaign, plans to ask voters in November 2020 to approve a sales tax increase to roughly double the agency’s $300 million annual budget. That’s because of projects that need to be launched to ease transportation congestion, including improvements and expansions to trolley lines, increasing rapid bus lines, a bay ferry service and a skyway to be used in areas where buses aren’t practical.

Indiana

The Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District’s (NICTD) West Lake Corridor commuter rail project has been moved into the engineering phase. The district will now begin design and engineering on projects that include four new stations along an eight-mile extension route. NICTD will select a firm, or partnership of firms, for a design-build contract that should be completed by 2024.

Virginia

Hampton Roads Transit plans to expand its bus and light rail service. Two transit planning firms are reviewing the possibility of adding locations to connect Downtown Norfolk to the eastern portion of the city. Those areas include the Norfolk International Airport, Naval Station Norfolk, and Military Circle Mall. This project will lay the foundation for an innovative transit plan across the six cities it serves. It will also help Virginia qualify for future federal funding.

New Jersey

NJ Transit has issued a request for expressions of interest (REOI), due in November, to identify an experienced private developer or joint venture partnership of developers to implement transit-oriented development projects on transit property. The location adjoins a 37-mile area that includes 21 stations across 15 municipalities.

Massachusetts

The governor has an $18 billion transportation bond bill (H.4002) to benefit the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA). The proposed bill funds $5.7 billion in improvements, including $3.4 billion for bus projects, the purchase of low-carbon vehicles, $825 million for the South Coast rail project, $400 million to improve the commuter rail and $300 million in direct capital transfer to the MBTA.

Finally, the Federal Railroad Administration has announced new available funding through the State Partnership for State of Good Repair Program. The funding includes another $396 million to boost private, state, and local investments. The effort to boost public transit to combat traffic congestion is definitely a trend to watch.

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